Thus, since their inception in 1971, the five defence agreements of power have become an important and credible military cooperation, which offers the possibility of playing a greater role in the regional defence structure. It also has a role to play in the fight against terrorism, in unconventional threats, in the fight against piracy and in the rescue of disasters. The last annual military exercises and the conference of the five members of the Defence Chiefs were held in October 2016 and were organized by Singapore. Defence chiefs stressed the essential role played by the agreements in improving cooperation and security between their members and the perforated region. At the meeting, they also published the Directive on the Concept of Exercise, which guides future activities and cooperation between the five armed forces. In 1981, the five powers organized the first annual exercises of the land and navy. Since 1997, naval and air exercises have been combined. In 2001, HQ IADS was renamed Headquarters Integrated “Area” Defence System. It now has personnel from all three branches of the armed forces and coordinates annual navy and air exercises with five forces, while moving towards greater integration of ground elements. The annual Conference of Chiefs of Defence (FDCC) is organized by either Malaysia or Singapore and is the FPDA`s highest military forum and provides an important platform for dialogue and exchange of views between defence chiefs.  A ministerial meeting of the Five Defence Powers (FDMM) is also organized.  The most visible element of the FPDA is the headquarters of the integrated space defence system.
The headquarters, which is commanded by a Royal Australian Air Sheriff, is made up of more than 40 people from the 5 nations and now from the 3 departments. Having firmly anchored its initial orientation in the air defence of Malaysian airspace and Singaporean airspace, it regularly exercises FPDA troops in both the air force and navy and is moving towards greater integration of the army elements, as the ministers ordered in 2000. HQ IADS manages a comprehensive and varied training and training program, under which significant resources are devoted to theatre. Since 2000, the UK`s contribution has included a Royal Navy task force, Type 42 destroyers, support ships, Nimrod maritime patrol aircraft, tornado combat aircraft and Rapier ground missile systems.