On 3 September 2020, an agreement was reached in Addis Ababa between the transitional government and the SPLM-Nord-Hilu rebel group to separate religion and state and not discriminate against anyone`s ethnicity in order to ensure equal treatment of all Sudanese citizens. The policy statement states that “Sudan is a multiracial, multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multicultural society. The full recognition and adaptation of these differences must be confirmed. (…) The State must not found an official religion. No citizen should be discriminated against on the basis of his or her religion.  Secularism has long been a demand of the SPLM-Nord al-Hilu, with a spokesman saying: “The problem is (…) To say why people have become rebels? Because there is no equality of civil rights, there is no sharing of wealth, there is no same evolution in the country, there is no equality between blacks and Arabs and Muslims and Christians.  Negotiations continued during the COVID-19 pandemic that hit Sudan in early 2020. A first round of negotiations was held in Juba in mid-September.    In the October 2019 second round, agreements on the two-zone line between the government and the Sudan People`s Liberation Movement (al-Hilu) (SPLM-N (al-Hilu) were signed on October 18  and on the trajectory of Darfur between the government and the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF).  The third round began in mid-December on the eastern line of Sudan, of the Two Areas line with the SPLM-N (Agar),  and the Darfur line.  The summary and analysis of the international IDEA agreements signed in Juba in August 2020, many of which were part of the final peace agreement, are available here. “Today we have reached a peace agreement. We are happy. We ended the mission,” said Tut Gatluak, head of the South Sudanese mediation team, shortly before the signing of the agreement which took place a year after the start of peace talks. France reaffirms its full support for the democratic transition in Sudan and is ready to assist the Sudanese authorities in facilitating the proper implementation of the peace agreements.
. . .