In late 2019, the Trump administration received support from Democrats in Congress for the USMCA, after agreeing to strengthen the implementation of the work. In the updated pact, the parties agreed on a number of changes: the rules of origin for the automotive industry have been strengthened, so that 75% of each vehicle must come from the Member States, compared to 62.5%; and new work rules have been added, which require 40 percent of each vehicle from factories that pay at least $16 an hour. A proposal to extend intellectual property protection for U.S. pharmaceuticals – a red line for U.S. negotiators – has been sacrificed. The USMCA is also upgrading the controversial investor-state dispute settlement mechanism, eliminating it completely with Canada and limiting it to certain sectors with Mexico, including oil and gas and telecommunications. The USMCA establishes the highest level of a U.S. trade agreement for strong and effective protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights. This is a significant enhancement of NAFTA. Nevertheless, in December 2019, following negotiations on the revision of the USMCA text signed in November 2018, substantial changes were made to Chapter 20 of intellectual property. The U.S.-Mexico-Mexico Agreement (USMCA) is a trade agreement between these parties.
The USMCA replaced the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The Canada-Mexico-U.S. trade agreement will officially enter into force on July 1. The U.S.-Mexico agreement is based on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which originally came into force on January 1, 1994. The agreement under consideration was the result of more than a year of negotiations including possible U.S. tariffs on Canada, in addition to the possibility of separate bilateral agreements.  U.S. dairy farmers will have new export opportunities to sell dairy products in Canada.
Canada will provide new access to U.S. products, including liquid milk, cream, butter, skimmed milk powder, cheese and other dairy products. It will also eliminate its tariffs on whey and margarine. For poultry, Canada will provide new access to chickens and eggs in the United States and increase access for turkeys. Under a modernized agreement, all other tariffs on agricultural products traded between the United States and Mexico remain zero. In the chapter “Health and Plant Health Measures” (SPS), the United States, Mexico and Canada agreed to strengthen disciplines for scientifically sound SPS measures, while ensuring that the parties respect their sovereign right to the protection of life, animals, animals and plants or health. The provisions provide for greater transparency in the development and implementation of SPS measures; Promoting scientific decision-making Improve certification, regionalization and equivalency processes Conducting system-based audits Improving the transparency of import controls; cooperation actions to improve the compatibility of the measures. The new agreement would establish a new mechanism for technical consultation between the parties to resolve the issues. The agreement is designated differently by each signatory – in the United States, it is called the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA);   in Canada, it is officially known as the Canada-U.S.-Mexico Agreement (CUSMA) in English and the Canada-U.S.-Mexico Agreement (ACEUM) in French;  and in Mexico, tratado is called tratado between México, Estados Unidos y Canadé (T-MEC).   The agreement is sometimes referred to as “New NAFTA” with respect to the previous trilateral agreement for the successor, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Mexican politicians saw NAFTA as an opportunity to accelerate and block these hard-hit reforms in the Mexican economy.
In addition to trade liberalization, Mexican leaders have reduced public debt, introduced a balanced budget rule, stabilized inflation and built up the country`s foreign exchange reserves.